CBD (Cannabidiol)is an extract from the marijuana or hemp plant containing all the beneficial and healing properties without the psychoactive effects. CBD oil can be extracted using 3 different methods:
1. CO2 Extraction
This is the most expensive process to extract CBD oil and requires an extraction system. However, it delivers the purest form of concentrated CBD oil with little to no residue and other unwanted materials like chlorophyll and THC (the psychoactive component of marijuana).
The process uses carbon dioxide (CO2), pressure and temperature variations to target specific molecules (in this case CBD) and separate them from the other components of the plant. The extraction system also allows for the collection of the pure essential oils. CO2 extraction is used in many different extraction processes as it can be varied to target different components in different plants. Get more info at https://www.cbdoilland.com/
CBD oil extracted through this process is often much more expensive due to the cost of extraction process and the purity of the end product. Purchasing a CO2 extraction system is a great investment, especially in a business model that allows for the extraction of other essential oils. Return on investment is high. Apart from the cost, there are no disadvantages to this extraction method.
2. Ethanol Extraction
Ethanol is a polar solvent that dissolves water soluble molecules like CBD. The extraction process is more complicated than the CO2 method but still requires specific equipment or an extraction system. It is however a cheaper process than CO2 extraction. The process works by separating oils and waxy components in the plant material from those that are water based.
However, there are pitfalls to using this system. Because ethanol targets water soluble molecules, other unwanted materials like chlorophyll will be extracted along with the CBD resulting in a darker hue and bitter tasting oil. A further process can be used to eliminate other unwanted molecules to create a more pure end product.
Removing the ethanol from the end product is also necessary. Normally only 2% to 3% of ethanol will be present in the end product. This step is essential in providing a pure product.
3. Oil Extraction
This is possibly the simplest method of extracting CBD from the cannabis or hemp plant. The process involves heating Olive Oil to
200 degrees Fahrenheit and including the seeds as well as stalks of the cannabis plant where CBD is stored. Olive Oil is ideal as it has a high solvent temperature and will not burn before extraction has been achieved. It is also safe for consumption.
Although this process can be used at home by any person with a few basic types of equipment, there is one significant pitfall. The olive oil cannot be removed from the end product resulting in a less pure or concentrated form of CBD oil. This means that large amounts of the oil will need to be consumed in order to get the same benefits as using a concentrated form.
While the cost is low using this extraction method, the resale value of the end product is just as low, making it the least valuable process.
It is important to note that in any extraction process, the type of cannabis or hemp oil plant that is used is important. Some cannabis species contain more CBD than others. In order to produce large amounts of concentrated CBD, it is recommended to find cannabis that contains higher amounts of cannabidiol.
Cannabis plants have long been spliced and interbred in order to grow plants that have greater amounts of CBD or THC, depending on the end result that needs to be achieved.